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VILLON, François - Le Grant testament Maistre Françoys Villon et le petit. Son codicille avec le Jargon & ses Ballades [Paris], [Guillaume Nyverd], [1518-1520] THE TRUE VILLON, IN THE PURITY OF HIS ORIGINAL FRENCH LANGUAGE, BEFORE THE REVISION OF CLEMENT MAROT. A SUPERB COPY OF ONE OF THE VERY FEW GOTHIC VILLON KNOWN TODAY, PRESERVED IN PRIVATE HANDS. all the more valuable because it is in pre-19th century bindings. ONE OF THE TROPHIES OF ANY LITERARY COLLECTION. EDITION TODAY KNOWN BY ONLY ONE EXAMPLE: CELUI-CI [followed by:] Le Recueil des repues franches de maistre François Villon & ses compaignons, [Paris], [Guillaume Nyverd], [1518-1520] Two works, or two parts (according to Bechtel), in one volume in-8 (122 x 82 mm). Bechtel writes: "may be followed (or not) by a second part, Le Recueil des repues franches, joined for the first time to the Testament" COLLATION : (I) : a-f8 : 48 leaves ; (II) : a-c8 : 24 leaves, that is to say 72 leaves in all CONTENTS: a1r : Le grant testament, a1v, beginning of the poem: En lan de mon trentième aage / Que toutes mes hontes ieu beues / Në du tout fol encore ne sage / Nonobstant maintes peines eues, e5r [Ballade des pendus] : Epitaph of the aforementioned Villon / Human brothers who after we live / Don't have the guts against us hardened, f8v : colophon : Cy finist le testament / codicille / iargon / & les ballades de maistre Françoys Villon. Printed in Paris by Guillaume Nyverd demourant en la rue de Juyveruie a lymage sainct Piezrre ou a la première porte du Pallays ; (II) : a1r : title, a1v : À vous qui cherchez les repues franches, c7v : end of text, c8v : typographical mark of Guillaume Nyverd with figure of the Annunciation ILLUSTRATION: (I): two woodcuts joined in a single image on the title page of the Grant Testament; (II): three woodcuts joined in a single image on the title page of the Repues franches, repeated at the end in c8r, making a total of 3 full-page illustrations BINDINGS circa 1750, red morocco, gilt decoration, triple fillet with rosette at the corners, long spine grotesquely decorated with vertical titling, gilt edges PROVENANCE: Joseph Antoine Crozat (1696-1751), Marquis de Tugny, with his handwritten bookplate on the title page: Ex Bibliotheca D. Crozatia in suprema Parisiensis curia Presidis, not in the catalog of his 1751 sale (for a copy with the same handwritten bookplate, see Christie's Paris, June 25, 2009, no. 31) -- Louis-César de La Baume Le Blanc, Duc de La Vallière (1708-1780; his sale, Cat, première partie, t. II, Paris, De Bure, 1783, p. 275, n° 2814) -- Richard Heber (1774-1833; Bibliotheca Heberiana, Catalogue of the Library of the late Richard Heber, London, Sotheby's, 1836, n° 3049, p. 185 : "old morocco. From the Crozat Collection," £4 6s) -- Nicolas Yemeniz (1783-1871; bookplate, his sale: Cat., Paris, 1867, no. 1625, 6020 fr, previously described in Catalogue de mes livres, Lyon, 1865, t. I, no. 1625) -- Édouard Rahir (1862-1924; bookplate, his sale, La Bibliothèque de feu Édouard Rahir, Paris, 1931, II, no. 701, 42.000 fr, the second highest price of this sale) -- Edmée Maus (number marked in pencil by André Jammes at the head of the first endpaper: "1123") -- Bernard Malle (stamp; acquired from Edmée Maus) Slightly short margin The early editions of the poems of François Villon (ca. 1431-after 1463) are divided into two successive blocks: a first set formed by the gothic editions starting with the original edition given by Pierre Levet in 1489, and a second set published in round letters starting with the revision of Clément Marot published by Galliot du Pré in 1533. This division into two sets, perceptible to the naked eye in the choice of characters, proves all the more important as the text itself, in its overall composition as well as in its language, was reworked by Marot: "Apres quant quant il s'est trouvé faulte de vers entiers, j'ay prins peine de les refaire au plus près (selon mon possible) de l'intenciion de l'autheur : & les trouverez expressement de cette marque. * Affin que ceulx qui les sauront en la sorrte que Villon les fist, effacent les nouveaulx pour faire place aux vieulx" (prologue of the edition of Galliot du Pré, 1533). Marot's work certainly allowed Villon's verses to pass to posterity (one counts twelve editions of this revision between 1533 and 1542). But, beyond the original language, Marot also lost in passing a principle of scattering proper to the writings of the poet: "Villon does not use the word "book" for his own works. He does not have the idea of a collected work... François Villon did not think of his works as gathered into a whole, fixed, unlike authors like Guillaume de Machaut or Christine de Pizan" (Jacqueline Cerquiglini-Toulet, Pléiade, 2014, p. XXV). The editions revised by Marot are thus unduly called on their first page, Les Œuvres de François Villon: "the edition of C

Estim. 200,000 - 300,000 EUR

RABELAIS, François - The Sciomachy and feasts made in Rome Lyon, Sébastien Gryph[ius], 1549 A SUPERB COPY FOR THE DUKE DE LA VALLIÈRE, BOUND FOR HIM. THE EXEMPLAIR ALSO JOINS THE LIBRARY OF WILLIAM BECKFORD [bound in:] [Guillaume Le Rouille], Epistre des Rossignols du Parc d'Alençon. 4 ff. from Recueil de l'antiquité prexcellence de Gaule et des Gauloys, Poitiers, 1546 -- Mario Equicola, Apologie de Marus Equicolus gentilhomme Italian contre les mesdisantz de la nation françoise, Paris, for Vincent Sertenas, 1550. Booklet G reassembled ORIGINAL EDITION In-8 (145 x 96mm) COLLATION : A-B8 : 16 leaves ANNOTATIONS : some marginal notes, written in brown ink, by a contemporary hand 18th century BINDING. Blonde calf, gilt filleting, long spine decorated, titling in long, gilt edges PROVENANCE: Louis-César de La Baume Le Blanc, duc de La Vallière (1708-1780; his sale, Paris, 1783, no. 5095: "in-8. v. f.") -- William Beckford (1760-1844; his sale, Hamilton Palace, 1882, no. 113) -- Bulletin Morgand, November 1884, no. 9498 -- Paul Jammes (his sale, Paris, 12-13 October 2010, no. 326) Light wetness and some foxing Rawles and Screech list eight copies of La Sciomachie of which only two are still in private hands. To these should be added a copy presented on the auction market (Paris, December 5 and 6, 2002, n° 25). A sciomachie means "a simulacrum and representation of battle, both by water and by land" (Rabelais). Under the title Sciomachie, Rabelais publishes the account of the festivities organized in Rome by the cardinal Jean du Bellay on the occasion of the birth of the second son of Henri II, Louis d'Orléans. The Prince's first name is left blank in the introduction, indicating that this text was printed very shortly after the birth and before the child's baptism. To celebrate this birth, the cardinal Jean du Bellay, assisted by Rabelais, organized in Rome a series of grandiose popular celebrations. The Bulletin Morgand recalls in its notice that "Rabelais, in 1549, had taken refuge in Italy where he came to seek protection from his old friend Cardinal Du Bellay, who had retired to Rome. Rabelais was, at that time, violently attacked". Rabelais, during this second and last stay in Rome (1547-1549), played "less the role of a doctor than that of a secretary, perhaps an organizer of festivals for which his talent particularly designated him" (Mireille Huchon). When Rabelais published La Sciomachie in 1549, he had already published most of his work, Pantugruel, Gargantua and The Third Book, all three of which were condemned by the Sorbonne. Michael Screech has pointed out that this text "constitutes, in one important respect, a bridge between the Tiers Livre and the Quart Livre of 1552 in terms of some of the author's concerns." The important point is a passage at the beginning of La Sciomachie where Rabelais states that the news of the birth of the young Prince was known in Rome among the Roman bankers on the very day of the event at the château of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. For him, such a fact is not without precedent and it is neither a well calculated guess, nor even a "prodigious and admirable thing". His assertions remain vague, but Screech elucidates them by confronting them with other passages of the Quart Livre: "In the Renaissance, an event that seemed prodigious could be explained in various ways: by the intervention of a messenger of God, by the powers of guardian angels, or by the rediscovery of carrier pigeons. In the Quart Livre of 1552, and probably in La Sciomachie, Rabelais chose carrier pigeons, which does not imply that he did not believe in guardian angels or other messengers of God. The instantaneousness of communication, the immediate transmission of thought, by pigeon or by spirit, has always fascinated Rabelais. What would it be like for him today, in the age of the Internet? BIBLIOGRAPHY : USTC 9951 -- Tchemerzine, V, 332 -- Stephen Rawles and Michael Screech, A New Rabelais bibliography, Geneva, 1987, n° 103, pp. 512-515 -- Michael Screech, Rabelais, Paris, 1992, pp. 409-413 -- Mireille Huchon, Rabelais, Paris, 2011 -- Brunet, III, 998 (for the Epistle)

Estim. 80,000 - 120,000 EUR

[DANSE MACABRE] La grand' danse macabre, des hommes & des femmes Nouvellement revuë & augmentée d'histoires & beaux ditz, tant en Latin qu'en Françoys : & autres œuvres donc le connu est en la page suyvante Paris, Estienne Groulleau, 1550 COPY OF THE DUC DE LA VALLIÈRE. RESURGENCE OF GOTHICS IN THE MIDDLE OF THE 16th CENTURY Small in-8 (112 x 64 mm). Typographical mark on the title page COLLATION : A-N8 (K8 badly signed I1) : (104) ff. CONTENTS : A1r : title, A1v : table, A2r : text ILLUSTRATION : 250 woodcut vignettes, some of them repeated Eighteenth century binding. Red morocco, gilt decoration, triple fillet in frame, long spine decorated with vertical titling, gilt edges PROVENANCE: Louis-César de La Baume Le Blanc, duc de La Vallière (1708-1780; his sale, Paris, 1783, II, n° 2806, 4 livres 1 sol) -- André Jammes (note in pencil) RARITY: on the market: no copy listed since 1977 (RBH and Gazette de Drouot), no copy on viaLibri -- in the library: USTC lists only the BnF copy (RES P-YE-1934), no copy in the United States according to viaLibri Small stain at B3, tear without missing at B7, small worm gallery affecting some leaves. Small crack at the lower hinge BIBLIOGRAPHY: USTC 60290 -- Brunet, II, col. 495 -- not in Bechtel -- ARLIMA EA3080 -- G. Peignot, Recherches historiques et littéraires sur les Danses des morts, Dijon-Paris, 1826, p. 123 : cited copy WEBOGRAPHY : Archives de littérature du Moyen Âge (ARLIMA), n° 29 :

Estim. 4,000 - 6,000 EUR